Os Retirantes

Os Retirantes

José Miguel da Silva (Bezerros, Pernambuco, Brazil), 2004
Woodcut print on paper (13 1/2" x 17 1/2" image on 19" x 26" sheet)

José Francisco Borges and Ivan Borges display finished print and woodblock. (Photo by A H Fisher)

Artist and poet José Francisco Borges is Brazil's best-known folk artist working in the wood-cut medium, and his work has been exhibited all over the world. But he comes out of a long tradition of folk poet/artists who publish their own work in the form of small (generally about 6" by 9") cheap chap-books or pamphlets written in verse, known as folhetos. They are also known as literatura de cordel after the way vendors sell them in the marketplace, hanging over a string.

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