A World of Masks: Masks from Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Pacific

I will be out of town from July 11th to 20th.  The gallery will not be open but the website will be working away as usual.  Orders will be shipped after July 20th.  I will be checking email mesages and should be able to repy  to inquiries.

Indigo Arts has moved upstairs to a space on the fourth floor of the Crane Building.  I am still arranging things up here but I am open on a "by appointment or by chance" basis.  I am usually in the building from Wednesday through Saturday from 12 to 6, but it is definitely best to phone or email first. Meanwhile, the Indigo Arts online gallery is operating as usual.  
Please feel free to contact me with any questions in the mean time.
Tony

October 8, 2015 to February 9, 2016

This is the season of transition and transformation.  In the spirit of Halloween and Los Dias de los Muertos, the Days of the Dead, Indigo Arts presents a collection of masks from Africa, Asia, the Americas and the Pacific.  They are masks that conceal, but may also reveal the wearer behind them. Masks are agents of celebration and transcendence, of commemoration and transformation.

The exhibit includes dance, festival and ritual masks, of wood, metal and papier maché from many countries, including Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Guatemala, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mexico, Nepal, New Guinea, Nigeria and Peru.

"The Mexican, whether young or old, criollo or mestizo, general or laborer or lawyer, seems to me to be a person who shuts himself away to protect himself: his face is a mask and so is his smile. In his harsh solitude, which is both barbed and courteous, everything serves him as a defense: silence and words, politeness and disdain, irony and resignation.... He builds a wall of indifference and remoteness between reality and himself, a wall that is no less impenetrable for being invisible. The Mexican is always remote, from the world and from other people. And also from himslf."

Octavio Paz in The Labyrinth of Solitude, 1961

Fang Four-faced Janus Mask
SKU: afm-31

Fang people, Gabon
wood w/ kaolin and red oil paint
(14"h. x 10 1/2 dia.")

$1600 w/ custom stand
Fang Mask
SKU: afm-47

Fang people, Gabon
wood w/ kaolin, mineral pigments, brass wire.
(13 1/2"h. x 7 1/2"w. x 4 1/4"d.)

$1500
Igbo Water Buffalo Mask
SKU: AFM-109

Igbo people, Nigeria.  Mid 20th century.
Wood w/ mineral pigments, oil paint.  Stand not included.
(13 1/2" h. x 11" w. x 16" d.)
Signed "SPOILAR" on back.

$1250
Punu Mask
SKU: afm45

Punu people, Ngunie river, Gabon
wood w/ kaolin, mineral pigments
(11 1/2"h. x 7"w. x 6"d.)

$1200
Bamum Mask
SKU: afm76

wood w/ mineral pigments
(19 1/4" h. x 9 1/4" w. x 9 3/4" d.)

$1200 (w/ custom stand)
Yoruba Gelede Mask
SKU: afm75

Yoruba people, Nigeria
wood w/ oil paint, nails
(15" h. x 9" w. x 13" d.)

$1200 (w/ custom stand)
Makonde Face and Body Mask
SKU: afm-102

wood w/ mineral pigments
(19" h. x 8 1/4" w. x 5" d.)

$950
Igbo Mwuo (Maiden-spirit) Mask
SKU: AFM-73

Igbo people, Nigeria
wood w/ mineral pigments, oil paint
(18 1/2" h. x 8 3/4" w. x 13" d.)

$950 (w/ custom stand)
Guere Mask
SKU: afm-22

Guere people, Ivory Coast,
wood w/ steel carpet tacks, natural pigments & encrustation
(12 1/2"h. x 8" w. x 7" d.)

$950
Fine old Fang "Passport" Mask
SKU: afm95

wood w/ kaolin, mineral pigments
(9" h. x 5.5" w. x 3" d.)

$850
Grebo Mask
SKU: afm96

wood w/ mineral pigments
(12.5" h. x 7.5" w. x 3.5" d.)

$850
"Guerrero" Ball-player Mask attributed to Victoriano Salgado of Michoacan
SKU: MXM-137

Unsigned but attributed to Victoriano Salgado Morales (1920 - 2012)
Uruapan, Michoacan, Mexico,
c.1970 - 1980
Maque lacquer on wood.
(9" h. x 7” w. x 5” d.)

A prolific designer and maker of wooden, maque, decorative masks used by dancers in Purépecha fiestas, one of Grand Masters of Mexican Folk art and one of last skilled masters of this unique art form.  Mr. Salgado learned this skill from several mask makers of the Magdalena neighborhood where he grew up. His first mask dates back to 1950 and it was a "Negrito" folk dance mask.

Victoriano's masks are not painted, the process used for color is a highly superior technique called "maque", which is a pre-hispanic process involving numerous applications of natural earth and insect pigments and oils applied with the palm of the hand that hardens into a brilliant, lustrous surface. 

Mr. Salgado created over 60 different masks, the most famous: dance of the Señor Naranjo, and the dance of the Tataqueri, Corcovi, Negritos and Viejitos.

He passed away on September 2012 two weeks before receiving the Erendira Award, The highest prize given by the Michoacan State Government.

$750
Ibibio Sickness Mask
SKU: afm93

Igbo people, Nigeria
wood w/ mineral pigments
(10" h. x 6 1/4" w. x 4 1/4" d.)

$750 (on stand)
Dogon Walu Mask
SKU: AFM-06

Dogon people, Mali,
wood w/ kaolin, black and red pigment
(24"h.x 8" w.)

$750
Iatmul Orator's Stool from middle Sepik River
SKU: PNG-9503

Orator's Stool (teket or kawa rigit).  Iatmul people, Middle Sepik River, Papua New Guinea, mid-20th cent.
Caeved from single piece of wood, with organic pigments, shell eyes and pendants, fibre attachments.
(36 1/2" h. x 20" w. x 20" d.)
ex - collection of George Zafero, collected c.1970s.
Note:  Due to size and weight, this piece will require custom art handling/packing/shipping, or direct pick-up by buyer.  Please inquire for an estimate.

The latmul language group occupies the main part of the middle Sepik River. It is mainly through its prolific and varied art that the whole of the art of the Sepik River has become better known.

Generally, each main ceremonial house has a 'teket', which is used in much the same way as a lectern during formal discussions. The man speaking stands beside or behind the stool and emphasizes his points by beating the stool with three bunches of leaves which are provided. The head is set up on the shoulders, the face is rounder, the transition between brow and eyes is not clear-cut, the eyes are circular, the mouth is large, showing teeth (also found on some Yuat River figures). The nose, with its wide nostrils is emphasized by the vertical line rather than the carving. The roundness of the face at top and bottom is carried though the whole conception of the figure including such details as the pectoral muscles. The holes at the side of the head are for ties of string fibre to hold a small band of cane to which decorations were attached. There are the remains of red paint on the legs. The face itself is painted white, with red at the cheeks and mouth with the darker linear decoration being the wood itself. In Iatmul society it was the privilege of homicides only to paint their faces white and black. The 'teket' "are sacred and must not be casually touched and are not used as seats" (Gregory Bateson, 'Social structure of the Iatmul people of the Sepik River', Oceania, 2: 289, 260, plate 1, 1932).

Above text from AJ Tuckson, 'Some Sepik River art from the collection', Art Gallery New South Wales Quarterly, vol 13, no 3, 1972, pg. 671

 

This object was made by a member of the Iatmul [YAHT-mool] cultural group from the Middle Sepik region of Papua New Guinea (part of Melanesia). The religious life of the Sepik River was dominated by men’s societies, and wood carving of this kind was done exclusively by men. The artist who created this Orator’s Stool began by cutting the shape out of a large piece of wood. He then used sharp objects like obsidian knives or rodents’ teeth to further shape the figure and to carve details. To decorate the figure, he attached raffia around its waist, wrists, and ankles. He used feathers and shells to ornament the head. It’s possible that the artist painted the figure with charcoal, lime, or ochre.

This sculpture would have been kept inside a special house called a Men’s House, where Iatmul ceremonial activities often take place. Typically, each Iatmul community or town contains a few of these buildings, which serve as the center of community and celebration. The buildings are both visually imposing, as well as socially and spiritually influential. Women and uninitiated men are not able to enter the house.

WHAT INSPIRED IT

Every Iatmul community has its own ceremonial chair, similar to this one. This Orator’s Stool (also called a “speaking chair”) is not meant to be sat upon, but is used during village meetings, debates, and tribal ceremonies. During a discussion, the speaker stands next to the orator’s stool and hits the top of the stool with a cluster of leaves, sticks, and grass to validate important points in his argument. He also places leaves on the chair to confirm his statements. When the first speaker is finished and all the leaves lay on the chair, the next speaker can begin his address. After all of the speakers have stated their arguments, the village chief hits the chair a few more times and states a decision for all to follow. Orators also use these chairs to tell the comunity about the clan’s history and mythology while hitting the chair with a bundle of leaves to emphasize points.

The human figure is a common form in Sepik River art. As seen in this sculpture, figures were often given an elongated head and torso and short limbs. Special emphasis was placed on the head to show that it is the most important part of the body, where the spirit resides. The artist carved an elongated nose, possibly in imitation of a bird’s beak, and the nose is pierced with ornaments made of bone or boar’s tusk, just as the Iatmul people wear. The incised patterns on the chest and arms represent scarification patterns that would be seen on many Iatmul men. Scarification is part of a young man’s initiation into the men’s secret society and the scars are considered marks of beauty and status.

Above text from description of similar piece at Denver Museum of Art.

$1600
Product Status: 
Sold
"Snake and Antelope" Janus Headcrest for Odelay Performance
SKU: AFM-104

“Snake and Antelope” 

Odelay Masquerade Headcrest

Temne people, Sierra Leone, 

20th century

wood, w/oil enamel, steel nails, fabric attachments

35" x 8" x 9"

$950
Product Status: 
Sold
Bobo Butterfly Mask
SKU: AFM-111

Bobo people, Burkina Faso. 20th century.
Wood w/ mineral pigments.
(17 3/4" h. x 64” w. x 9 1/2” d.).

$900
Product Status: 
Sold
Leather Tigre Mask (#mxm075)
SKU: mxm-075

Acatlan, Guerrero, Mexico,
c. 1980's.
Leather w/ oil paint, mirrors, w/ custom steel stand.
(9" w. x 7" d. x 14" h.)

$775 incl. custom stand
Product Status: 
Sold
Diablo con Serpientes Mask from Mexico
SKU: MXM-135

Diablo mask with three snakes, dance and state undetermined - Mexico,
early 20th century
wood, oil paint, ribbon
(14” w. x 9.5” d. x 22”h.).
Ex. Brand collection.

$650
Product Status: 
Sold
Viejo Mask
SKU: MXM-078

Attributed to Victoriano Salgado Morales (1920 - 2012) Uruapan, Michoacan, Mexico,
c. 1990
"maque" lacquer, wood, animal teeth
(6 3/4" w. x 5" d. x 7 1/2" h.)

 

$475
Product Status: 
Sold
Diablo Mask with Reptiles
SKU: MXM-118

Guerrero, Mexico, 20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint, animal horn, misc. materials.
21” w. x 21" h. x 12” d.
From a private collection.

$395
Product Status: 
Sold
Lega Mask
SKU: afm-105

Lega people, D. R. Congo
wood w/ kaolin, mineral pigments
(17" h. x 9" w. x 4" d.)
With letter of provenance from previous owner.

$375
Product Status: 
Sold
Chivo Mask (#mxm085)
SKU: mxm-085

Carnaval de Chivos - San Bartolo, Hidalgo, Mexico,
c. 1990's
wood, oil paint, goat horn, Horse hair, ribbon, steel wire
(9" w. x 5" d. x 18" h.)

$365
Product Status: 
Sold
Diablo Mask with Reptiles
SKU: MXM-119

Guerrero, Mexico, 20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint.
8 1/4” w. x 16 1/2" h. x 7 1/4” d.
Ex. Brand collection.

$325
Product Status: 
Sold
"Negrito" Mask with Crown from  Michoacan
SKU: MXM-122

Michoacan, Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint, with crown of steel, paper, string, mirror, misc. materials, with custom steel stand.
6 1/2” w. x 11”h. x 6 1/2” d., not including metal stand.
Ex. Brand collection.

$325
Product Status: 
Sold
Maringuilla Mask (#mxm114)
SKU: mxm-114

Juan José Horta Ramos
Tocuaro, Michoacan, Mexico,
c.2014
wood, oil enamel
(7" w. x 4 1/2" d. x 8" h.)

$325
Product Status: 
Sold
El Pocho Dance Mask from Tabasco
SKU: MXM-131

El Pocho dance - Teposque, Tabasco, Mexico,
c. 1970's
wood, automotive oil paint,
(6" w. x 5" d. x 7 1/2" h.).
Ex. Brand collection.

 

$325
Product Status: 
Sold
Diablo Mask
SKU: MXM-076

Pastorela dance - Uruapan, Michoacan, Mexico,
c. 1990
lacquer, wood, animal teeth, cow horns
(15" w. x 6 1/4" d. x 11 1/2" h.)

 

$320
Product Status: 
Sold
Diablo "Satanas" Mask
SKU: MXM0-077

Pastorela dance - Uruapan, Michoacan, Mexico,
c. 1990
lacquer, wood, animal teeth, cow horns
(13" w. x 6 1/4" d. x 11" h.)

$320
Product Status: 
Sold
"Silaca Perro Cupido" Negrito Mask
SKU: MXM-121

Silacayopan, Oaxaca, Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint, added materials.
6 1/4" w. x 7” h. x 2 3/4” d.
Ex. Brand collection.

$275
Product Status: 
Sold
One-eyed Man - Mexican Moor Mask
SKU: MXM-124

Veracruz(?), Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint.
6” w. x 6 1/2" h. x 5” d.
Ex. Brand collection.

$275
Product Status: 
Sold
"Aventurero" Negrito Mask
SKU: MXM-120

Silacayopan, Oaxaca, Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil paint, added materials.
6" w. x 6 3/4” h. x 3 1/4” d.
Ex. Brand collection.

 

$275
Product Status: 
Sold
Tocotin Mask from Veracruz
SKU: MXM-138

Tocotin mask - Danza de Tocotines, Moors and Christians, Totonac people, Papantla region, Veracruz, Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ oil-based paints.
8 1/2” h. x 7” w. x 5” d.

$250
Product Status: 
Sold
"Maringuilla" Carnival Mask from Veracruz
SKU: MXM-116

Viejito dance, Carnival, Veracruz, Mexico,
mid-20th cent.  Originally part of pair with mask #MXM-117.
Wood painted with oil paints,w/ metal earrings
(7 3/4” w x 7 1/4” h x 4 1/4” d.)

$250
Product Status: 
Sold
Carnival Mask of Man from Veracruz
SKU: MXM-117

Viejito dance, Carnival, Veracruz, Mexico,
mid-20th cent.  Originally part of pair with mask #MXM-116.
Wood painted with oil paints.
(6 1/4” w x 7” h x 4” d.)
Ex. Brand collection.

$250
Product Status: 
Sold
Yaqui "Pascola" Mask from Sonora
SKU: MXM-133

Pascola dance - Yaqui people, Sonora, Mexico,
c. 1980's
wood,  oil paint, horse hair.
(5.75" w. x 4" d. x 7" h., not including horse hair).
Ex. Brand collection.

$245
Product Status: 
Sold
Dog Mask, Bali
SKU: INDOM008

Ida Anom Suryawan - Bali, Indonesia, c.2010
Wood, leather, animal and artificial hair, inner-tube rubber, oil-based paints.
(6" w. x 5" d. x 7 1/2" h., not counting all that hair)

$245
Product Status: 
Sold
Carnival Mask
SKU: hmsk-39

Ronson Benoit (Jacmel, Haiti)
Papier Maché
(18 1/4" h. x 18 3/4" w. x 6 1/2" d.)
2010

Exhibited at Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center, Millville, New Jersey (July to December, 2016) for exhibit:  Shades of Past, Colors of Present:  Preserving Caribbean Cultural Heritage in New Jersey.

$ 225
Product Status: 
Sold
Yam Mask, Abelam people
SKU: yam07

Abelam people, Abelam area, Papua New Guinea, late 20th cent.
Woven fiber, organic pigments
(19 1/2" h. x 10 3/4" w. x 6" d.)

$225
Product Status: 
Sold
SKU: hmsk-18

Didier Civile (Jacmel, Haiti)
Papier Maché
(16 1/2" h. x 17" w. x 7 1/2" d.)
c.2007

Exhibited at Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center, Millville, New Jersey (July to Decenber, 2016) for exhibit:  Shades of Past, Colors of Present:  Preserving Caribbean Cultural Heritage in New Jersey.

$ 175
Product Status: 
Sold
Skull Mask
SKU: MXM-139

Skull mask - Unknown dance, unknown region, Mexico, mid-20th century.
Carved wood w/ wax, mineral pigments.
7" h. x 5 1/2” w. x 4” d.

$175
Product Status: 
Sold
Legong Mask - the Heavenly Dance
SKU: INDOM023

Ida Anom Suryawan - Bali, Indonesia, 2015
Wood, inner-tube rubber, oil-based paints.
(5 1/2" w. x 3 1/2" d. x 7 3/4" h.)
 

$165
Product Status: 
Sold
Diable Carnival Mask
SKU: hmsk-25

Unsigned mask (Jacmel, Haiti)
Papier Maché
(13 1/2" h. x 11 3/4" w. x 6 3/4" d.) c.2009

Exhibited at Wheaton Arts and Cultural Center, Millville, New Jersey (July to December, 2016) for exhibit:  Shades of Past, Colors of Present:  Preserving Caribbean Cultural Heritage in New Jersey.

$ 95
Product Status: 
Sold
Jacmel Carnival Mask
SKU: hmsk-41

Rony M. (Jacmel, Haiti)
Papier Maché
(10 1/2" h. x 10 1/2" w. x 4 1/2" d.)
2011

$ 85
Product Status: 
Sold
Balinese Mask
SKU: INDOM-025

Unknown artist - Bali, Indonesia, c.2000
Painted wood, leather with animal hair, inner-tube rubber.
(5 1/4" w. x 3” d. x 6 3/4” h.)

$60
Product Status: 
Sold
Godogan (Frog prince) Mask
SKU: INDOM-024

Unknown artist - Bali, Indonesia, c.2000
Wood, rubber, oil-based paints
(7 1/4" w. x 4 1/2" d. x 7 1/4" h.)

$60
Product Status: 
Sold
SKU: hmsk-43

Onel Bazelais (Jacmel, Haiti)
Papier Maché (20" h. x 19 1/4" w. x 8 3/4" d.) 2010

This carnival mask, its face crushed under a block of concrete, commemorates 'goudou-goudou", the devastating earthquake of January 12th, 2010.

SOLD
Product Status: 
Sold